Kermanshah is considered as one of the cradles of prehistoric cultures and is famous for its rich history and culture. According to archaeological surveys and excavation, Kermanshah area has been occupied by prehistoric people since the Lower Paleolithic period, the evidence consists of some hand axes found in the cave near the east of city.
The region was also one of the first places in which human settlements were established around 10,000 years ago.
The Construction of Kermanshah is attributed to Sassanid dynasty. It was a glorious city in the 4th century AD when it became the capital city of Persian Empire and a significant health center serving as the summer resort for the Sassanid kings.
The city and its surroundings have numerous attractions. The Bisotun relief is the main place of interest. This multi-lingual inscription is located on the Mount Bisotun at the height of almost 1300 meters and was made in 522 BC by Darius the Great. This is one of the largest epigraphic monuments in the world. The inscription includes three versions of the same text, written in three different cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian.
Taghbostan is a series of large rock relief from the era of Sassanid Empire . The carvings, some of the finest and best-preserved examples of Persian sculpture under the Sassanids, include representations of the scenes from the life of the kings of the Sassanid dynasty.
Kangavar Archaeological Complex is the ruins of Sassanid and Achaemenids ancient city. The complex is the remains of a large building in the Hellenic style, once located on a high platform. The ruins belong to the Sassanid era, but the platform itself is likely to be a few centuries older. The complex is considered to be the temple of Anahita